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Q: Is it cheating to use ChatGPT?

A: Sometimes.

Let's think about it.

What is ChatGPT?

ChatGPT is just one of the many Generative Artificial Intelligence (GenAI) tools to arrive since November 2022. Others include DALL-E, PhotoMath, Co-Pilot, Caktus, Google Bard, Bing Chat, Github's Co-Pilot, Grammarly Premium, and SnapChat AI. GenAI generates content in response to a prompt provided by a human. GenAI tools were not trained to tell the truth or be factual. They weren't trained to "read", so they have no idea where the output is coming from. In other words, they're only somewhat useful.

So, ChatGPT is just like Google, right?

No. It's not. When you Google something, you find a source and then you can choose to read it or not. When you read it, if you decide to use the information in something like an essay, you can cite it. You can't really "cite" ChatGPT, because the professor can't follow up on your citation, unless you submit your chat history to your professor. If you are using a GenAI tool (like BingChat or ChatGPT-4) that cites its sources, you could use it more like Google— to find sources that you want to go to and read. However, again, just like if you copy from a website, article, or GenAI tool, and you do it without acknowledgement, you are likely cheating.

But it's still okay to use for academic work, right?

It can be really tempting to see these tools as helpful for doing your academic work. Maybe helping you brainstorm ideas, do research, or fix your writing. However, once that content is generated, it's really tempting to just copy and paste that content into your doc and submit it as your own work. Where do you end and the machine begin?

Here's a decision tree that might be helpful:

Infographic of a decision tree to determine whether using ChatGPT is acceptable.

To summarize:

If your instructor did not say you could, then you can't.

Silence does not equal permission.

So, if the instructor said I could use it, I'm good to go?

Yes, you're good to use the GenAI tool in the way that instructor authorized for that particular assignment. Don't assume you can use it in ways not authorized or for other assignments or courses. And, if you're authorized to use it, we recommend that you learn how to use it properly first. The Library has a guide that may be helpful! Also, if you use it, save your history so you can share it and acknowledge your use to the professor (even if they didn't ask).

Shouldn't all instructors be allowing us to use GenAI tools? I'm going to need to use them when I graduate and I need to learn how!

Some instructors might incorporate GenAI tools into their pedagogy or assessments. That's up to them. Instructors have the responsibility of helping you achieve the learning objectives for each particular assessment and for the course overall. If they've decided that GenAI tools will help you achieve the learning outcomes, then they've likely incorporated them in. If not, they won't. It's not always about learning to use GenAI— different courses have different objectives, and they're all intended to help you develop as a learned, well-rounded, professional and citizen.

But, what happens if I use it anyway?

You can be reported for an integrity violation, which can be an egregious violation leading to suspension and possibly an F in the class. So, why would you risk that? 

When you're tempted to use a GenAI tool like ChatGPT, ask yourself this - am I willing to disclose the use to my instructor? If the answer is no, then you shouldn't use it.

When you're tempted to cheat, whether by using a GenAI tool or any other method, take a moment to pause and reflect on why you are here and what you value. Are you here to learn, so that you can honestly and fairly acquire the knowledge and skills you need to achieve in work and life? Or, are you just here to do whatever it takes to get a degree?

Don't replace yourself with ChatGPT. 

If you find you need help to stay focused on learning with integrity, talk to your professors or TAs, the Academic Integrity Office, or make use of all the free services the university provides to you. For more information on those academic services, go to

Choose Integrity. Choose to Learn. 

To learn more about how to choose integrity & choose to learn, see our Top 10 tips for students.